London Fashion Week brings Brexit worries to the catwalks
"Fashion week is a really great time to understand the power and influence of our industry, as well as our creativity," said Caroline Rush, chief executive of the British Fashion Council (BFC).
"We hope that you'll listen as we talk to you about visas, about talent, about tariffs, about frictionless borders, and around IP (intellectual property).
"Because this is incredibly important to sustain this incredible industry, that contributes £28 billion (32.7 billion euros, $34.8 billion) to the British economy and provides 880,000 jobs."
Prime Minister Theresa May is due to start negotiations on leaving the European Union within weeks, and has already signalled her intention to impose controls on EU migrants coming to work in Britain.
She has said this would likely come at the cost of leaving Europe's single market -- a major concern for the fashion industry, as the bloc accounts for about 70 percent of British textiles and apparel exports.
Over the next five days, London Fashion Week will showcase collections by more than 80 designers and brands, from Versace's Versus to Burberry, J.W. Anderson, Christopher Kane, Roksanda, and Mulberry.
But amid the glamour and the creativity, there is unease about what the future holds.
"The overarching feeling at the moment is uncertainty," said Adam Mansell, chief executive of the UK Fashion and Textile Association.
- Skilled labour and trade -
Access to the EU's single market is a key issue for the industry, but there are other concerns, such as the skilled labour used in British manufacturing, as well as trade ties with the rest of the world.
Mansell noted that British fashion is heavily dependent on imports, particularly large volumes of clothes made in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Myanmar and Turkey -- all currently tariff-free through EU-negotiated trade deals which must now be replaced.
While there has been a resurgence in UK manufacturing the past couple of years, with many high-end brands benefiting from the allure of British heritage, they are often staffed by skilled workers from the EU.
"A lot of the product that you'll see on the catwalk in the next few days is actually made in London. And I know several factories in London where the workforce is more than 70 percent EU," Mansell told AFP.
- 'Great diversity' -
With so many Europeans living and working in British fashion, their status after Brexit has been a priority for many brands and designers, and industry bodies have petitioned ministers to guarantee their right to stay.
"Our businesses are filled with great diversity and our business leaders protect, nurture and promote that fiercely," said Natalie Massenet, the founder of online fashion portal Net-A-Porter and chairman of the BFC.
May has said she wants to resolve the issue as soon as possible, but many Europeans -- some of whom have lived in Britain for decades -- are fearful.
The EU referendum in Britain and Donald Trump's election as US president have exposed deep divisions in both countries, while anti-immigration, anti-globalisation rhetoric is also growing across Europe.
Fresh off the plane from New York fashion week, Massenet noted the "seismic political changes" occurring on both sides of the Atlantic -- and said designers would not stay silent.
She said the fashion industry was a "brilliant example of a diverse global community", and wore a white bandana on her wrist as part of the #TiedTogether global fashion initiative promoting unity.
"Creativity, innovation, business, but also inclusiveness are at the heart of British fashion," she said.
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